These drugs stop or damp down the inflammation typical of IBD. They include:

  • 5-ASA (aminosalicylates): Pentasa®, Salofalk®, Salazopyrin®, Asacol®, Mesavant®, Mesasal® 

  • Corticosteroids, often just called Steroids: Prednisone (Delatsone®), Budenoside (Entocort®), Methylprednisone (Solu-Medrol®), Betamethasone (Betnesol®), Hydrocortisone (Cortenema®)

  • Immunosuppressants: Azathiopurine (Imuran®), 6-Mercaptopurine (Purinethol®), Cyclosporine (Neoral / Sandimmune®), Methotrexate

  • Biologics:  Infliximab (Remicade®), Adalimumab (Humira®), Golimumab (Simponi®), Tofacitinib (Xeljanz®) Ustekinumab (Stelara®), Vedolizumab (Entyvio®) and biosimilars: Infliximab (Inflectra®)

To learn more about the 4 major classes of anti-inflammatory IBD drugs click the buttons below: 

5-ASA Steroids Immunosuppressants Biologics


  • Antibiotics. These are used to treat and in some cases prevent bacterial infections. They tend to be used for CD rather than for UC
  • Probiotics


These are used to help reduce symptoms such as diarrhoea, constipation or pain, but cannot reduce the inflammation. They may include antidiarrhoeals, laxatives, anti-spasmodics, and analgesics (painkillers).

Video: IBD Medications

These drugs are covered in more detail in the corresponding sections.