ANTI-INFLAMMATORY DRUGS

These drugs stop or damp down the inflammation typical of IBD. They include:

  • 5-ASA (aminosalicylates): Pentasa®, Salofalk®, Salazopyrin®, Asacol®, Mesavant®, Mesasal® 

  • Corticosteroids, often just called Steroids: Prednisone (Delatsone®), Budenoside (Entocort®), Methylprednisone (Solu-Medrol®), Betamethasone (Betnesol®), Hydrocortisone (Cortenema®)

  • Immunosuppressants: Azathiopurine (Imuran®), 6-Mercaptopurine (Purinethol®), Cyclosporine (Neoral / Sandimmune®), Methotrexate

  • Biologics:  Infliximab (Remicade®), Adalimumab (Humira®), Golimumab (Simponi®), Ustekinumab (Stelara®), Vedolizumab (Entyvio®) and biosimilars: Infliximab (Inflectra®)

SUPPLEMENTAL THERAPY

  • Antibiotics. These are used to treat and in some cases prevent bacterial infections. They tend to be used for CD rather than for UC
  • Probiotics

SYMPTOMATIC DRUGS

These are used to help reduce symptoms such as diarrhoea, constipation or pain, but cannot reduce the inflammation. They may include antidiarrhoeals, laxatives, anti-spasmodics, and analgesics (painkillers).


These drugs are covered in more detail in the corresponding sections.